Surfing is the act of riding on or near the surface of water while standing on a surfboard. Surfing can be done in many different styles, but it has traditionally been classified by three basic types: longboarding, shortboarding and stand-up surfing. The most common type of surfing (and arguably its original form) is beach surfing – which involves paddling out into the water from shore and catching waves to ride back to shore.

Surfers can be seen performing this type all around the world, from popular destinations like Hawaii to remote fishing villages off Japan’s coast. The second most common form of surfing is river surfing where surfboards are used directly as a means of transportation and can be ridden on the water as well as waves.

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